Thank you for the nice conversation again, Kathryn.It's easy to lose track of time when I talk to you because it's so fun!! See you soon and take care of yourself.
Kathryn G.先生 01/23
I enjoyed our lesson. We looked at some cute cat pictures. It cheered me up so much. Thank you for helping me with my translation practice. See you soon!
Deborah先生 01/23
Thank you very much for the interesting news from the BBC.
Andrew B.先生 01/23
This was the first lesson with Vlada. At first I could not catch his request for contact because of my bad condition of Skype. Looking for FAQ, I finally found the way how to contact a teacher not on my contact list. There's a skype name on my booking list! So I gave a call to Vlada and we were able to start our lesson at last although I still faced a trouble about screen sharing. Vlada patiently waited for solving my skype troubles and corrected my English e-mail quickly. In spite of his photo, he is very frank and friendly teacher;-) He kindly supplemented our lesson with extra time for introducing ourselves. Thank you, Vlada. See you soon!
Vladimir K.先生 01/23
Tonight we talked about Fukuoka that CNN took up as a most innovative city in Japan. The head offices of big companies are in Tokyo. We have to create innovative cities in local areas in order to invite young people. From that viewpoint, I will pay proper attention to the future of Fukuoka.
Mark M.先生 01/23
After a small talk about our weekend, we discussed inequality of income in the world with an article about it. Under the present world situation like inauguration of Trump and hard Brexit, I have a strong interest in this topic. Frou suggested me a good topic at the right time. We talked about a relation between inequality and happiness, social change and inequality, present Japanese and Filipino income situation, factors on modern Japanese historical change of inequality, AI & robotics's future influence to unemployment, etc. I proposed to talk more about this topic and she said she would give me another related article in near future. Thank you for always giving me an interesting topic, Frou. See you soon. Take care!
Froulaine A.先生 01/23
Today we read an article about reindeer situation. It says reindeer are having a hard time to getting their food in colder winter and get pregnant earlier, which leads to smaller, weaker reindeers. This is all the effect of human-made climate change. That's sad reality but every single one of us should think about what we can do to stop it. I appreciate this kind of articles, which promote our awareness about the serioue issue we are facing. I like this article,, thank you Max!
Mark M.先生 01/23
Today we talked about how British people spend their Christmas and New Year Holidays. It was interesting as I have learned a lot from Kathryn. Then I asked about riding a bike in England. I had a good time talking with her.
Kathryn G.先生 01/23
It was very nice talking with you, see you next time ! :D Andrew is a very nice teacher with a very clear british accent, which is easy to catch. Beginners who had started learning English by the American accentmight find that slightly hard to understand, but I am sure that you'll be used to it very easily. Nowdays, even the English tests popular in Japan like the Eiken, requires people to be able to catch, understand, and find the right information from every accents. Which means, every people learning English needs to be used to every popular accents. I recommend you all to try his lesson. He taught me about the collocations today. I'm not very good at those stuff, but his explanation of that was tremendously easy to understand.
Andrew B.先生 01/23
Thank your for the lesson to my daughter. The lesson was awesome and Riana really enjoyed and she's looking forward to talking to you again soon.
Mauricio G.先生 01/23

第12回: 論文の書き方 (2)  ( 掲載日: 2014.2.19 )

みなさん、こんにちは !

私は人生初の雪合戦と雪だるま作りを経験できて大はしゃぎでした !

周りに押し付けていましたが (今年はティラミスを作りました ! もちろん私が食べたかったから。笑)
そしてシドニーに住んでいた時にずっとおかしい ! と思っていたのが、普段完全海外生活に馴染んで
ホワイトデーの存在感の薄さったら… !
男性の皆さん、ホワイトデーはちょうど1ヶ月後です ! お忘れなく !! (笑)


前回は Introduction の書き方で、 Introduction はただ単にその論文の大間かなまとめを述べれば
いいのではなく、 主題、意見、支持文などをしっかり組み入れないといけないという事をお話しました。

今日は Body Paragraph (本論) を書く際においてのルールをお教えします。

それぞれの段落には前回お話したTopic sentence (段落のまとめ) が必要となり、Introductionで
述べた Thesis statement (論文全体のまとめ) と全ての Topic sentence の整合性がとれていれば、

法則としては、その段落で言いたい事を Topic sentence として第一文に置き、それを具体的に言い換えるか、
ここで大切なのが、具体的な詳細を Topic sentence の次の文章に託すという事を頭に置いておき、第一文では
(ちなみに、1文目のTopic sentence は general statement、2文目はmore specific statement と呼ばれます。)


論文のBody は、簡単に言うと具体例を効果的に使用し議論を展開させる段落です。
ここで大切なのが、Unity と Coherence というルールです。

Unity は、一つの段落において一つの本旨しか述べる事ができないというルール、つまり、Topic sentence で
本旨をサポートする具体的なアイディアを述べ、Supporting sentences (支持文) で述べられた抽象的な表現を
具体的に説明していく、 という構成になります。

Coherence というのは、論文は複数の文章と段落で構成されますが、その文と文、段落と段落を論理的に繋げる
これには内容はもちろん、Transition words (転換語、いわゆる Therefore, Hoever, But など) を用いて論旨の流れを

これをどの段落でも同じ形式で構成していき、Body 1, Body 2, Body 3…と繋げて行き、ボディ全体を完成させます。


ちょっと長くなってしまったので、今回は Academic writing のお話はやめておきます。
次回はConclusion の書き方などなど。

みなさん、寒さに気をつけてくださいね !



☆こういうの見るとテンションあがります…! 笑☆

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