Thank you for the nice conversation again, Kathryn.It's easy to lose track of time when I talk to you because it's so fun!! See you soon and take care of yourself.
Kathryn G.先生 01/23
I enjoyed our lesson. We looked at some cute cat pictures. It cheered me up so much. Thank you for helping me with my translation practice. See you soon!
Deborah先生 01/23
Thank you very much for the interesting news from the BBC.
Andrew B.先生 01/23
This was the first lesson with Vlada. At first I could not catch his request for contact because of my bad condition of Skype. Looking for FAQ, I finally found the way how to contact a teacher not on my contact list. There's a skype name on my booking list! So I gave a call to Vlada and we were able to start our lesson at last although I still faced a trouble about screen sharing. Vlada patiently waited for solving my skype troubles and corrected my English e-mail quickly. In spite of his photo, he is very frank and friendly teacher;-) He kindly supplemented our lesson with extra time for introducing ourselves. Thank you, Vlada. See you soon!
Vladimir K.先生 01/23
Tonight we talked about Fukuoka that CNN took up as a most innovative city in Japan. The head offices of big companies are in Tokyo. We have to create innovative cities in local areas in order to invite young people. From that viewpoint, I will pay proper attention to the future of Fukuoka.
Mark M.先生 01/23
After a small talk about our weekend, we discussed inequality of income in the world with an article about it. Under the present world situation like inauguration of Trump and hard Brexit, I have a strong interest in this topic. Frou suggested me a good topic at the right time. We talked about a relation between inequality and happiness, social change and inequality, present Japanese and Filipino income situation, factors on modern Japanese historical change of inequality, AI & robotics's future influence to unemployment, etc. I proposed to talk more about this topic and she said she would give me another related article in near future. Thank you for always giving me an interesting topic, Frou. See you soon. Take care!
Froulaine A.先生 01/23
Today we read an article about reindeer situation. It says reindeer are having a hard time to getting their food in colder winter and get pregnant earlier, which leads to smaller, weaker reindeers. This is all the effect of human-made climate change. That's sad reality but every single one of us should think about what we can do to stop it. I appreciate this kind of articles, which promote our awareness about the serioue issue we are facing. I like this article,, thank you Max!
Mark M.先生 01/23
Today we talked about how British people spend their Christmas and New Year Holidays. It was interesting as I have learned a lot from Kathryn. Then I asked about riding a bike in England. I had a good time talking with her.
Kathryn G.先生 01/23
It was very nice talking with you, see you next time ! :D Andrew is a very nice teacher with a very clear british accent, which is easy to catch. Beginners who had started learning English by the American accentmight find that slightly hard to understand, but I am sure that you'll be used to it very easily. Nowdays, even the English tests popular in Japan like the Eiken, requires people to be able to catch, understand, and find the right information from every accents. Which means, every people learning English needs to be used to every popular accents. I recommend you all to try his lesson. He taught me about the collocations today. I'm not very good at those stuff, but his explanation of that was tremendously easy to understand.
Andrew B.先生 01/23
Thank your for the lesson to my daughter. The lesson was awesome and Riana really enjoyed and she's looking forward to talking to you again soon.
Mauricio G.先生 01/23

第11回: 論文の書き方 (1)
  ( 掲載日: 2014.2.5 )

Happy Chinese New Year Everyone !


御馳走になっていました。中でも東南アジアの中国圏では「ローヘイ」と呼ばれる刺身入り中華風サラダ (?)
が有名です。これを皆一斉に「ローヘイ ! ローヘイ ! 」と唱えながらお箸で高く持ち上げ混ぜながら、


そして忘れてはいけないのが、皆大好きお年玉 !


書きたい事を淡々と書けばいいわけではもちろんなく、まず、Format が命になってきます。

Format は必ず形式が決まっているので、きちんと従って書けば誰でもできますし、逆にここで間違えて

まず基本的なFormat の基準ですが…

①文字数 / ページ数が指定されている場合、必ず指示を守る。少なすぎてもオーバーしてしまってもNGです。

②Double space: 行間を2行に設定することですが、日本語版と英語版でMicrosoft wordの行間の定義が

③Font(文字の種類): Century、サイズは12。

④Margin(余白): 左右の余白は1インチ、上下の余白は3インチ。

これは設定さえすればいいのですが、 甘く見ていてはいけません。たかがFormat, されどFormat なのです!



Argument in a nutshell(論争の要約)

Attention Grabber(読み手を引きつける文章)

Attention Grabber(またはTopic sentence)で読み手を捕え、それを継承、そして発展させさらに読者を惹き付け、
最後にThesis statement でその論文の主題や中心概念を明確かつ簡潔に述べる、というのが主な流れでしょうか。
ちなみにThesis statement では I を使わない、というのが特徴です。


そして誤解されやすいのがThesis statement とTopic Sentenceの違い。

Thesis statement はいわゆる主題 / 主旨。
よく小学校の国語のテストで「作者の考えとは何ですか?」という質問がありませんでしたか? まさしくそれの事です。(笑)



例えば主題の書き方: 高校では”In this essay, I’m going to outline/ the arguments for and against ~” なのが、
大学になるとAcademic writingを強要されるので、口語である”I’m going to~” は減点されてしまいます。
よって、”This essay discusses / The purpose of this paper is to ~”といった形が無難で好ましいです。

Topic Sentenceは、それぞれの段落の一文目に当たる文章の事です。

つまり、Thesis Statement は論文全体の主旨を述べるもの、Topic Sentenceは1つの段落の主旨を述べるもの、

英語の論文は常に結論が先、そして結論に対する補足説明が後、という 事です。
何でもダイレクトに伝えたがる外国人らしさが感じられますよね !

長くなってしまいましたが、次回は論文の書き方の続きと、途中お話させて頂いた”Academic writing”、大学では

皆さん、寒さにお気をつけて !

☆シンガポールのChinese New Yearです。両親に頼んだらせっせと送ってくれました(笑)☆

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